death toll 死亡人数
high-ranking officials 高层官员
food stamp 食品券，食物券（发给失业者或贫民的粮票）
shore up 提振
例如：shore up economy 提振经济
例句：The budget for the 2010 fiscal year, Obama's first one, seeks to shore up the world's largest economy while also overhauling health care, energy and education.
capital buffer 资本缓冲
例句： Banks needing to augment its capital buffer will have until June 8th to develop a detailed capital plan, and until November 9th to implement that capital plan.
plea bargain 辩诉交易
美国的一项司法制度，指在法官开庭审理之前，处于控诉一方的检察官和代表被告人的辩护律师进行协商，以检察官撤销指控、降格指控或要求法官从轻判处刑罚为条件，换取被告人的认罪答辩（plea of Guilty）。
aircraft carrier 航空母舰
active and reserve forces 现役部队和预备役部队
on the back burner 搁置着，停止
例句：Although official NATO policy still says Georgia and Ukraine will become members of the alliance, NATO expansion has been on the back burner since France and Germany -- under pressure from Russia -- postponed indefinitely the launch of a pre-membership program for the Black Sea nations at a summit last year in Bucharest.
strategic offensive weapon 战略进攻性武器
red ink 赤字
例句：The red ink was worse than the $3.5 billion loss Toyota had projected in February.
相反的，stay in the black表示“盈利”
例句：Honda expects to stay in the black this year.
drum up business 招揽生意，促进业务发展
例句：CEO Howard Schultz has his own ideas for drumming up business, of course; Starbucks says it has no plans for television now.